Tendinitis (shin splints) is an inflamed tendon in the lower leg that causes pain, especially common among runners and other athletes. The pain can be located in the front, inside or outside of the leg which is usually due to over exertion of the muscles. Pain usually develops gradually without a history of trauma and may start as a dull ache along any part of the leg after running or even walking. If not addressed, the pain may become more intense and can develop a stress fracture in the leg.
There are several reasons for tendinitis:
Overuse of the area: This is especially true for those who have recently begun an exercise or a tendon that is overworked due to a foot deformity such as flat or high arched feet..
An increased in the level of exercise: The tendon is unfamiliar to the new level of exertion.
An age factor: Tendons lose their elasticity as we age along with the ability to move smoothly. .
Anatomical alignment: If the tendon doesn’t have a smooth channel to glide along, it’s more likely to become irritated and inflamed. In this case, surgery may be necessary.
In the area of the foot, the most common type of tendinitis is Achilles tendinitis. This is a condition of irritation and inflammation of the large tendon in the back of the ankle. This is a common injury that more frequently occurs in middle-age recreational athletes. The overuse causes inflammation that can lead to pain and swelling.