A bunion is an enlargement of the joint (bump of bone) at the base and side of the big toe joint. Bunions occur when the first toe moves out of position and migrates towards the second toe. As the big toe tilts in this direction, this bump becomes larger and the joint can become arthritic, swollen, stiff and painful. If allowed to progress, bunions can make it difficult to walk and eventually cause severe pain.
Causes of bunion deformities are:
- Possibly tight shoes
- Biomechanical imbalance (flat foot/high arched feet)
The option of several available medical treatments can often help reduce the painful symptoms such as: ice, shoe modification, oral pain medication, cortisone injections, and orthotics. If unsuccessful, surgery can be considered.
There are approximately twenty different out patient surgical procedures depending on the type and severity of the bunion deformity. Contact us today to begin the process of understanding the various treatment options that are available.